Turkmenistan (2nd cycle)

Click here for a summary of Turkmenistan’s review at the first cycle and/or the third cycle.

16th UPR session
Date of review: 22 April 2013
Date of report adoption: September 2013
Working Group report: A/HRC/22/3

SUMMARY

SOGIESC issues during Turkmenistan’s 2nd UPR review
Civil society submissions: ✓ (1 submission)
National report: ✘
UN information: ✓
Working group discussions: ✘
Recommendations: ✓ (1 noted)

I. Key issues/recommendations identified by NGOs

  • Implement the recommendations of the Human Rights Committee relating to sexual orientation and gender identity.

II. Excerpts from input reports
National report

There were no references to sexual orientation or gender identity in the National Report.

Compilation of UN information

III. Implementation of international human rights obligations
A. Equality and non-discrimination
21. The HR Committee was concerned at the deep-rooted stereotypes against individuals on the basis of their sexual orientation or gender identity and urged Turkmenistan to put an end to the social stigmatization of homosexuality.

D. Right to privacy, marriage and family life
44. The HR Committee urged Turkmenistan to decriminalize sexual relations between consenting adults of the same sex.

Summary of stakeholders’ information

C. Implementation of international human rights obligations
2. Right to life, liberty and security of the person
22. Central Asian Gender and Sexuality Action Network (CAGSAN) further recommended that Turkmenistan protect the most underrepresented and at-risk women – and their right to human dignity and freedom from torture, violence and criminalization – lesbian, bisexual and transgender women, sex workers, women drug users and women living with HIV.

4. Right to privacy, marriage and family life
28. According to CAGSAN, Turkmenistan’s legislation criminalized only consensual relationships between two adult men. The state response in 2008, in support of “traditional values and culture” and keeping the discriminatory article in the criminal code of Turkmenistan, indicated the threat of non-acceptance of homosexuality, where women and men could become targets if they did not fit the cultural stereotypes of femininity and masculinity in Turkmenistan.

9. Right to health
67. CAGSAN recommended that Turkmenistan protect and fulfil the right to health and non-discrimination for women, especially those at-risk – lesbian, bisexual and transgender women, sex workers, women drug users and women living with HIV.

III. References to SOGI during the Working Group review
Conclusions and/or recommendations

The recommendations below did not enjoy the support of Turkmenistan:

114.1 Decriminalize sexual relations between consenting adults of the same sex, as recommended by the Human Rights Committee (Slovenia).

IV. Adoption of the Report
The report of the working group was adopted at the 24th regular session of the Human Rights Council in September 2013.

In its opening statement Turkmenistan stated that some recommendations were rejected because they were in contradiction with Turkmenistan’s legal and cultural foundations.

V. Further information
UPR Documentation

For first cycle reports of Turkmenistan, please see here.

National report 1 : A | C | E | F | R | S
Compilation of UN information 2 : A | C | E | F | R | S
Summary of stakeholders’ information 3: A | C | E | F | R | S
Questions submitted in advance : E
Addendum 1 : E
Addendum 2 : E

Outcome of the review:
Report of the Working group: A | C | E | F | R | S
Addendum 1 : ER