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This page was intended to provide resources for the government-led regional meetings on human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity taking place in March-April 2013. We welcome suggestions for additional materials, especially in relation to culture, tradition and human rights, as well as other documents that provide a good overview of the situation of LGBT rights in a particular region or sub-region.

Concept note: Regional meetings on human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity


1. Human Rights Council resolution 17/19 on Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity (June 2011)

2. High Commissioner for Human Rights report 19/41 – Study documenting discriminatory laws and practices and acts of violence against individuals based on their sexual orientation and gender identity English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic.

3. HRC Panel on ending violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity (7 March 2012)

4. Born Free and Equal: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in International Human Rights Law (a publication by the OHCHR) – English | French | Spanish (PDF)



1. Resolution to end all forms of discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity in Africa, TRES/001/11/09, adopted by the Forum on the Participation of NGOs in the 46th Ordinary Session of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, Banjul, the Gambia, November 2009

2. Case law: African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, Zimbabwe Human Rights NGO v. Zimbabwe, para.169

169. Together with equality before the law and equal protection of the law, the principle of non-discrimination provided under Article 2 of the Charter provides the foundation for the enjoyment of all human rights. As Shestack has observed, equality and non-discrimination “are central to the human rights movement.” The aim of this principle is to ensure equality of treatment for individuals irrespective of nationality, sex, racial or ethnic origin, political opinion, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation. The African Commission has held in Communication 211/98 that the right protected in Article 2 is an important entitlement as the availability or lack thereof affects the capacity of one to enjoy many other rights.

3. Sylvia Tamale, A Human Rights Impact Assessment of the Anti-Homosexuality Bill, Public Dialogue, Makerere University, November 18, 2009

4. Laurence Mute, From the Telling Sound of Silence to the Tolling Boom of Activism: Key Tools of Engagement in Ensuring the Rights to Equality and non-Discrimination for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex Persons in Kenya, Kenyan Human Rights Institute, October 2010

5. Queer African Youth Networking Center (QAYN), Struggling Alone, the Lived Realities of Women who have Sex with Women in  Burkina Faso, Ghana and Nigeria, April 2012.

6. Kenyan Human Rights Commission, The Outlawed Among Us, May 2011.

7. Jessica Horn/Association for Women’s Rights in Development, Not as Simple as ABC: Christian fundamentalisms and HIV and AIDS responses in Africa, 2012.


1. Inter-American Commission on Human Rights – Unit on the Rights of LGTBI Persons

2. Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity, and Gender Expression: Key Terms and Standards, Study prepared by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights pursuant to resolution AG/RES 2653 (XLI-O/11): Human Rights, Sexual Orientation, and Gender Identity, April 23, 2012

3. The Unnatural Connexion: Creating societal conflict through legal tools. Laws criminalising same sex sexual behaviors and identities and their human rights impact in Caribbean countries. Report submitted by a regional meeting of LGBTI activists from CARICOM states on the Inter-American Human Rights System. Georgetown, Guyana, August 2010.

Asia and the Pacific

1. Report on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity, Asia-Pacific Forum of National Human Rights Institutions (APF) Advisory Council of Jurists, 2010

2. Sood , N. (2009). Transgender People’s Access to Sexual Health and Rights: A Study of Law and Policy in 12 Asian Countries. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: The Asian-Pacific Resource and Research Centre for Women (ARROW).

3. Winter, Sam, Chalungsooth, Pornthip, Teh, Yik Koon, Rojanalert, Nongnuch, Maneerat, Kulthida, Wong, Ying Wuen, Beaumont, Anne, Wah Ho, Loretta Man, Gomez, Francis “Chuck” and Macapagal, Raymond Aquino (2009), Transpeople, Transprejudice and Pathologization: A Seven-Country Factor Analytic Study, International Journal of Sexual Health, 21:2,96 — 118

4. CREA, Count Me IN! Research Report: Violence Against Disabled, Lesbian, and Sex-working Women in Bangladesh, India, and Nepal, 2012.


1. Discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity in Europe, report by the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, 2011

2. Issue Paper on Human Rights and Gender Identity, Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, 2009


1. Sylvia Tamale, African Sexualities: A Reader, Cape Town: Pambazuka Press, 2011

2. Ruth Vanita and Saleem Kidwai (eds.), Same-Sex Love in India: Readings from Literature and History, Palgrave Macmillan, 2001

3. Scott Siraj al-Haqq Kugle, Homosexuality in Islam: Critical Reflection on Gay, Lesbian and Transgender Muslims, Oneworld Press, 2010