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    Benin (2nd cycle)

    For a summary of Benin’s review at the first cycle please click here.

    14th UPR session
    Date of review: 25th October 2012
    Date of report adoption: 14 March 2013
    Working Group report: A/HRC/22/9

    Summary

    Recommendations: Decriminalise sexual relations between consenting, same-sex individuals; establish educational programmes and appropriate policies for police that promote the personal security of all Benin citizens regardless of sexual orientation.

    Status: Rejected.

    I. Key issues/recommendations identified by NGOs

    • Review the High Commissioner’s report on sexual orientation and gender identity, and consider implementing the recommendations.

    II. Excerpts from input reports

    National report

    III. Follow-up on the previous review
    K. Human rights, sexual orientation and gender identity (recommendation 6)

    92. Benin has not accepted this recommendation.

    Compilation of UN information

    No references to sexual orientation or gender identity

    Summary of stakeholder information

    No references to sexual orientation or gender identity

    III. References to SOGI during the Working Group review

    I. Summary of the proceedings of the review process
    B. Interactive dialogue and responses by the State under review

    87. The United States of America applauded legislative efforts on domestic violence, corruption and torture and the establishment of human rights institutions. It remained concerned about violence by security services, harsh prison conditions and long pre-trial detention periods, restrictions on the right to strike and slowness in addressing the worst forms of child labour. It asked Benin on what services or educational programmes were available to ensure the safety and well-being of LGBT citizens. It made recommendations.

    95. Belgium asked what measures Benin had adopted to include the abolition of the death penalty in its domestic legislation and whether abolition of the death penalty would be enshrined in the Constitution. It also asked if the LGBT citizens enjoy legal protection on the grounds of their sexual identity and orientation and how the authorities would react if there were to be any prosecution on the ground of homosexuality. Belgium made recommendations.

    IV. Conclusions and/or recommendations

    110. The recommendations below did not enjoy the support of Benin.

    110.1. Bring legislation in conformity with its commitments to equality and non-discrimination by reviewing Article 88 of the Penal Code and by decriminalizing homosexual relations between consenting adults (Canada);

    110.2. Formally abolish any punishment on the grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity (Germany);

    110.3. Intensify efforts to address discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity and investigate and prosecute crimes against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community members (Norway);

    110.4. Study the possibility to increase the measures to eliminate all discriminatory treatment based on sexual orientation or gender identity (Argentina);

    110.5. Decriminalise sexual relations between consenting, same-sex individuals and establish educational programmes and appropriate policies for police that promote the personal security of all Benin citizens regardless of sexual orientation (United States of America);

    V. Adoption of the Report

    The report of the working group was adopted at the 22nd regular session of the Human Rights Council in March 2013.

    Presentation by the State under review

    [...] S’agissant des cinq recommandations objets de rejet, elles sont relatives à la dépénalisation des relations homosexuelles entre adultes consentants. Je voudrais rappeler à l’attention du Conseil, que la délégation Béninoise a fait observer lors du dialogue interactif que le phénomène reste marginal au Bénin et qu’aucune juridiction béninoise n’a encore poursuivi ni réprimé pour de tels faits.

    En l’état actuel du droit positif béninois et compte tenu de certains facteurs endogènes, il serait difficile d’envisager dans l’immédiat la dépénalisation de ces faits. Toutefois la question est d’actualité et sera traitée avec toute l’attention requise.

    Statements by States and other stakeholders

    There were no other references to sexual orientation or gender identity during the adoption of the working group report.

    VI. Further information

    UPR Documentation

    For first cycle reports of Benin, please see here

    National report 1: ACE | FR | S
    Compilation of UN information 2: ACE | FR | S
    Summary of stakeholders’ information 3: AC | E | FR | S
    Questions submitted in advance : E
    Addendum 1 : E
    Addendum 2 : E

    Outcome of the review
    Report of the working group: AC | E | FR | S

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