The six abstentions were by South Africa, India, Philippines, Botswana, Ghana and Namibia. South Africa and Philippines shifted from a yes in 2014 to an abstention in 2016. Namibia and India abstained in both 2014 and 2016 and Botswana shifted from a no in 2014 to an abstention in 2016. Ghana voted no in 2011 and in 2016 chose to abstain. Each of these abstentions will be analysed in greater detail.